Active Bleeding Control for trauma victims

June 29, 2018 0 By CH Unnikrishnan

GVK EMRI aims to train community volunteers a simple “pressure bandage” technique to help stop bleeding

GVK Emergency Management and Research Institute (EMRI) has launched Active Bleeding Control (ABC) Project for accident victims. ABC involves controlling bleeding with a technique called “pressure bandage.”

GVK EMRI is the professional pre-hospital ambulance based service organization, working in partnership with the government of Telangana, and helping road traffic accident victims since 2005.

The project aims to train 1000 community volunteers including police, auto drivers, bus drivers, road users, roadside shops owners and representatives of road safety organizations.

Every 1 minute a road traffic accident happens and every 4 minutes a road traffic accident death occurs in India. Bleeding is the leading cause of death in road traffic accidents, according to Dr G. V. Ramana Rao, MD, Director, Emergency Medicine Learning Centre (EMLC) & Research.

It is estimated that as many as 1 in 5 trauma deaths are preventable through the use of bleeding control techniques.
After a traumatic injury, hemorrhage is responsible for over 35% of deaths and over 40% of deaths within the first 24 hours— second only to the rates of death due to severe central nervous system injury.

Bystanders in road traffic accidents can help the road traffic accident victims in saving lives. This is possible by a simple technique of “pressure bandage” when the bleeding is active.

GVK EMRI has 334 ambulances in the state of Telangana. They transport 1350 emergency patients to various hospitals. Of which 205 cases need to be applied “pressure bandage’’ technique as they suffer from severe bleeding, said Dr Rao

This is a one-year pilot project taken up on an experimental basis on state highway No. 1. If found effective, GVK EMRI plans to take it all over the country.

“This is a unique project and very few countries have this kind of dedicated training programme on techniques to stop bleeding,” said Dr Vinay M. Nadkarni, Co-Chair of International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR), which is collaborating with EMRI.

A similar training course is available in US but only for health care professionals who work at the top level. The ABC initiative of GVK EMRI works with grass root workers such as bystanders, police, auto drivers, roadside shop owners, petrol bunks staff, students and others, he said.

The ABC project is a joint collaboration between 108 GVK EMRI and PediStars(Pediatric Simulation Training and Research Society of India)