KENTCON-2018 highlights advancements in otolaryngology

October 10, 2018 0 By CH Unnikrishnan

Divya Choyikutty

The 17thannual conference of Association of Otorhinolaryngologists of India highlighted emerging technology breakthroughs and surgical techniques, such as computer assisted navigation, endoscopic skull base surgery and facial reanimation.

KENTCON-18, which was held from 7th to 9th September in Kochi, was attended by over 500 otorhinolaryngologists from across the globe. The three-day convention, organized by the Kerala State Branch of AOI in association with Cochin Society of Otorhinolaryngologists for Medical Society (CSOM), stressed the need for exchanging ideas and creating awareness on medical technologies and advancements in multifarious areas of ENT.

Dr. Preethy Mary from Medical Trust Hospital, Cochin said the new concepts in endoscopic surgery are helping with the removal of tumours from inaccessible locations of skull base.

“Some of the tumours located at extremely inaccessible locations like the skull base can now be removed through the nasal route via endoscopy,” she said. “Earlier, the removal of such tumours of the pituitary gland was entirely a domain of neurosurgery. The new techniques in nasal endoscopy now make it possible to remove these difficult-to-access tumours as a combined procedure of transnasal pituitary surgery,” Dr Mary added.

The diagnosis of ENT disorders too have improved with the advent of technological advancements involving endoscopy, ultrasonography, implants and surgical navigation, which has helped in implementing better treatment and minimizing the number of complications and hospital stays.

The conference also featured a live surgical demonstration of facial reanimation on cadaver, performed by Dr. Kalpesh Vakharia, to highlight the management of facial paralysis, one of the most complex areas of reconstructive surgery.

Significant advances in the field of trans-oral robotic surgery (TORS) and the minimal invasive approach towards efficient resection of tumours in the oropharynx area were elucidated by Dr. Kyle M. Hatten, who also reflected on the slow, but steady rise in oropharyngeal cancer seen over the past decades. He also mentioned the risk of human papilloma virus, which is expected to be the major causative organism for head and neck cancer in the US by 2030.

Stressing the importance of managing obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), Dr. Amal Isiah of University of Maryland, said: ”The refinement of ultrasound technology for noninvasive localisation of airway obstruction along with the conventional technique of polysomnography, helps proper clinical validation and early diagnosis of the disorder.”

The conference also cautioned about the lack of new research in the field, and that the country has always been dependent on technologies invented and patented elsewhere.

Several experts from across India and GCC participated in the conference.