The World Health Organization has announced on 12th February 2020 that the disease caused by the novel coronavirus (nCoV) is to be called Covid-19.
The nCoV has been named SARS-CoV-2 by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses.
WHO calls on the world to fight the new virus and has informed that the researchers have been requesting for an official name to avoid perplexity and stigmatisation of any group or country.
A coronavirus is a group of viruses that cause diseases in mammals and birds. In humans, this virus is known to cause respiratory infections, including the common cold which are usually mild.
However, some rare forms of these viruses are known to cause severe respiratory infections as seen with SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV. The nCoV-19 is one such coronavirus that has caused an infectious outbreak recently.
The name Covid-19, originates from the words “corona”, “virus” and “disease”, with 2019 representing the year that the outbreak emerged.
“We had to find a name that did not refer to a geographical location, an animal, an individual or group of people, and which is also pronounceable and related to the disease,” said the Director-General is Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus .
The virus has reportedly killed more than 1,000 people, and has infected over 42,000 people globally and spread across 25 countries. The virus infected about 1,200 people within 25 days, while it took almost 4 months for SARS to spread to 1000 people during its outbreak. However, compared to the fatality rate Covid-19 which caused an estimated 2.8% deaths seems to be less fatal when compared to SARS which reported a fatality rate of 9.6%, says the sources