The prevalence of hypertension is high in India, but the proportion of adults who are aware of their medical condition and are treated to achieve control is low, reveals a recent study.
The study entitled “Hypertension screening, awareness, treatment, and control in India: A nationally representative cross-sectional study among individuals aged 15 to 49 years” was published in the PLOS Medicine journal.
The research involved 731,864 individuals aged 15-49 years, which covered each district of 29 states and 7 union territories of India. Pregnant women were excluded from the cohort.
The findings of the study point out that the proportion of those who never had their blood pressure (BP) measured was high (76%). Less than half of the individuals (45%) had been diagnosed with hypertension. The study also highlighted that less than 1 in 7 (13%) reported to be currently taking hypertensive medication and less than 1 in 10 (8%) had their blood pressure under control.
The research showed a huge variation in state-level hypertension screening. Screening of hypertensive individuals was lowest in Madhya Pradesh (61.3%) and highest in Haryana (93.5%). Awareness level on BP was lowest in Chhattisgarh (22.1%) and highest in Puducherry (80.5%). 27 major state/union territories have blood pressure control rates below 10%. Daman and Diu were the highest, but still only 1 in 5 adults there are under control.