Nearly half or 45% of India’s urban population is likely to be affected by dry eye disease by 2030, says a new study.
As much as 275 million people in India stand the chance of getting affected by this condition by next ten years of time, according to the study on dry eye disease conducted by researchers at L V Prasad Eye Institute (LVPEI), Hyderabad.
The study, led by Dr Sayan Basu and Dr Anthony Vipin Das, identifies age and gender-related risk for the disease, where men were noted to be at higher risk in their twenties or thirties, while women were more vulnerable in their forties and fifties, after analysing millions of data records using LVPEI’s eyeSmart Electronic Medical Records (EMR) system.
“The first step in developing a comprehensive public health approach towards treating a complex condition such as dry eye disease is to understand the epidemiology of the disease in the local population,” said Dr Pragnya Rao, dry eye disease specialist and lead author in a press statement.
Other high-risk factors that were identified included urban residence, socio-economic affluence and professional work including computer-based vocations.
Even rural India is likely to see 17 million new patients of dry eye disease every year. This would make dry eye disease a serious health concern, even more, common than diseases like diabetes or heart disease, points out the study published in ‘The Ocular Surface’, a peer-reviewed medical journal.