Research Snippets Archives | Future Medicine India

Research Snippets

Cartilage in joints can grow faster in humans

Ming-Feng Hsueh et al discovered that proteins of cartilage in hip, knee and ankle in humans showed a pattern of regeneration similar to that of highly regenerative animals, such as axolotls. Turnover of insoluble collagen has been earlier suggested to be very limited in human adult cartilage. In this study, researchers could unmask a position-dependent […]

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Immunoglobulin drops for dry eye disease

Jieun Kwon et al demonstrated reduced signs and symptoms of dry eye disease (DED) in afflicted patients in response to a new eye drop treatment made from pooled human antibodies. The immunoglobulin pool targets anti-citrullinated protein autoantibodies, or ACPAs-a specific type of antibody, found in human tear fluid. ACPAs were found to be involved in […]

Tesamorelin reverses fatty liver in HIV infected

Takara L Stanley et al found that the injectable synthetic growth-hormone-releasing hormone, tesamorelin, reduces liver fat and prevents liver fibrosis (scarring) in people living with HIV. About 43% of the enrolled participants had at least mild fibrosis, and 33% had a more severe subset of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) called non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Participants […]

Nano ligand carriers for targeted delivery to brain

Lin-Ping Wu et al developed a simplified technique using brain-specific phage-derived peptide to effectively transport medication into the brain. The method allows for minimally invasive combination delivery through an intravenous injection of various drugs, peptides and nucleic acid therapeutics to the brain. For the study, the researchers utilised a peptide component from a virus that […]

Rapid test to diagnoses Lyme disease

Siddarth Arumugam et al devised a rapid microfluidic test that could detect Lyme disease with similar performance as the standard 2-tiered (STT) algorithm recommended for the laboratory diagnosis of the disease, in a much shorter time of 15 minutes. The researchers used human serum characterized as acute and convalescent early Lyme disease, Lyme arthritis, and […]

Graphene air filter traps and kills bacteria

Michael G. Stanford et al demonstrated a self-cleaning porous conductive graphene foam filter made of laser-induced graphene (LIG), that can trap pathogens out of the air and kill them with small pulses of electricity. LIG was formed through the photothermal conversion of a polyimide film by a commercial CO2 laser cutter. Through a periodic Joule-heating […]

Tear film may help assess diabetic neuropathy

Shyam Sunder Tummanapalli et al found that peripheral neuropathy, which is often the earliest sign of diabetes, could be traced in the tear film. Researchers found that people with type 1 diabetic peripheral neuropathy had reduced levels of a protein known as ‘substance P’ (SP) in their tear film. Scientists evaluated changes that occur in […]