Apollo Hospitals has recently performed a breakthrough surgery on a woman who was affected by idiopathic scoliosis, an abnormal curvature of the spine. The team led by Dr Sajan K Hegde from Apollo successfully carried out the surgery which is known as fusion-less scoliosis surgery on the patient.
The female patient was suffering from the condition for 30 years and was experiencing pain over the past two years and there was an increase in the deformity gradually. She was unable to carry on her day-to-day activities due to idiopathic scoliosis. Scoliosis can develop in infancy or early childhood. Females are eight times more likely to progress to a curve magnitude than men.
Idiopathic scoliosis results in distortion of the rib cage, trunk and shoulders and severe scoliosis can also cause cardiopulmonary problems. Surgical treatment is often recommended for patients whose curves are greater than 35 degrees while they are still at a growing stage.
Traditionally fusion surgical treatment is performed to address this issue, where metal implants are attached to the spine, and then connected to two rods. These implants hold the spine in a corrected position until the instrumented segments fuse as a single bone. As compared with fusion surgery, fusion less scoliosis surgery aims to support spine growth and movement. The conventional treatment also diminishes growth in height as lengthening proceeds.
The patient used to live a very active and robust lifestyle and would participate in marathon and decathlon but the pain from the severe progressive spinal deformity made it impossible to indulge in sports. The deformity which was detected in the patients’ teenage years had progressed. However, fusing the spine and fixing it with rods would have restricted the mobility of the persons back because of which she had opted for the innovative surgery.
“Fusionless scoliosis surgery takes minimal time, less invasive, less expensive surgery that preserves motion and function in patients while lessening the chance of back pain later in life. This technique can now be used in idiopathic scoliosis where the deformity is corrected using a flexible cable. Here no fusion of the operated portion of spine is performed. These patients can return back to full normal activities faster and lead their life trouble free.” Speaking about the revolutionary procedure, Dr Sajan K Hegde, said,
The patient is under physiotherapy, her posture has improved her ribcage, trunk and shoulders are aligned and getting better. The patients who came for the surgery from the US will be ready to travel back in the same week and do the normal day-to-day activity, said Dr Hedge.